En France comme dans les autres pays de l’OCDE , les filles réussissent mieux que les garçons à l’école.
Selon l’OCDE, qui publie un 4 pages très clair sur ce sujet, l’écart de compétences entre filles et garçons à 15 ans représente pratiquement une année d’enseignement.
Pourtant les hommes obtiennent plus fréquemment que les femmes un diplôme du supérieur dans tous les pays de l’OCDE et spécialement en France où le taux est inférieur à la moyenne OCDE.
How are girls doing in school – and women doing in employment – around the world ? Throughout the world, girls are outperforming boys in reading… … and women are in the majority among entrants to higher education. As the world marks the achievements of women this month, the progress of girls and young women in education – and of women in employment – can’t be denied. In recent years, the achievement gap between boys and girls in school has narrowed in key subjects – so much that in some areas, the focus of concern is now on the underachievement of boys. For example, on the 2009 PISA reading assessment, 15-year-old girls outperformed boys in every OECD country, and on average by 39 points – the equivalent of one year of school. On the 2009 PISA mathematics assessment, 15-year-old boys tend to perform slightly better than girls in most countries, while in science, patterns of performance related to gender are less pronounced. On the 2009 PISA reading assessment, girls outperformed boys in every country, and on average by 39 score points – the equivalent of one year of schooling. By contrast, boys tend to outperform girls in mathematics. An estimated 66% of young women in OECD countries are expected to enter a university programme during their lifetime, compared to 52% of young men. Men are more likely than women to hold advanced research qualifications, and 74% of all graduates in the fields of engineering, manufacturing and construction are men. Higher (tertiary) education improves job prospects for both men and women, and the gender gap in employment narrows at the highest levels of educational attainment.